Key Issues
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Gross infection visible in a fractured canine tooth of a lion.

Gross infection visible in a fractured canine tooth of a lion.

Severe advanced periodontal disease present in a lowland gorilla.

Severe advanced periodontal disease present in a lowland gorilla.

  1. The operation must be as predictable as possible so no further sessions of anaesthesia need to be embarked upon to re-attend to the problem.
  2. The treatment must be the least traumatic option allowed by the clinical circumstances.
  3. The operation must be carried out in the shortest possible anaesthetic time to minimise any resultant complications.
  4. The team must be prepared for all eventualities, not only with full knowledge of the regional anatomy and physiology of the patient, but with a totally comprehensive surgical facility appropriate to the size of the patient and the structures to be treated.
  5. The veterinary and dental specialist must operate as a true team aware of each other's priorities to achieve maximum efficiency and harmony.
Walrus with an infra-orbital sinus tract due to a worn tusk.

Walrus with an infra-orbital sinus tract due to a worn tusk. It has been reported that in a number of cases such infections have caused the death of the animal.