Clinical PagesCarnivores

Trauma

The most common problems we are asked to treat are fractured teeth in carnivores. The canine teeth are the most prominent and vulnerable, and become damaged most frequently.

Once the pulp becomes exposed it does not possess the properties to heal itself, and in time it becomes infected and necrotic. Antibiotic therapy will not stop the infection and active treatment is required. (See the Endodontics and Extraction therapy options below).

Occasionally we do see teeth where blunt trauma had devitalised the pulp without an exposure of the pulp chamber, as illustrated with the Striped Hyena below. If fractured teeth with pulp exposures are ignored, the infection can destroy the surrounding alveolus and the purulent material can drain intra or extra-orally.

Trauma

Live pulp is visible at the centre of the fractured tooth, with some pus already discharging from the root canal. (Leopard)

Trauma

Pulp exposure in a lower canine demonstraing an infected root canal. (Sumatran Tiger)

Trauma

Gross infection of an immature lower canine tooth. (Brown Bear)

Trauma

Multiple fractured and infected teeth. (Sumatran Tiger)

Trauma

Intra-oral sinus tract draining from a chronically infected fractured canine. (Spectacled Bear)

Trauma

Infra-orbital sinus tract draining extra-orally. Infection caused by a fractured canine tooth. (Brown Bear)

Trauma

Upper premolars with exposed pulp chambers with live pulp tissue present. (Leopard)

Trauma

Chronic infra-orbital sinus tract apparently without an obvious cause, but the intra-oral view revealed the source of the problem. (Striped Hyena)

Trauma

Buccal sinus tract of previous animal was also associated with the dead upper fourth premolar. Pulp necrosis was almost certainly caused byocclusal trauma, possibly on a stone. (Striped Hyena)


Please select an option below for further illustrations of trauma therapy:


Endodontics
Endodontics
Extraction
Extraction

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